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Strawberries

STRAWBERRIES – November

there’s nothing like the taste of homegrown strawberries

Freshly-picked strawberries from your garden are a rich source of health-promoting phyto-nutrients, minerals and vitamins essential for optimal health.

In particular fresh berries are an excellent source of Vitamin C, a powerful natural antioxidant. Consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C helps the body develop resistance against infectious agents, and counters inflammation.

« Strawberries are one of the quickest of
the berry fruits to produce a crop.

They need full sun and good drainage. If drainage is a problem grow the plants on a mound, especially if you have a clay soil.

It’s best not to plant where strawberries, raspberries or any potato/tomato type plants have been grown before. This will reduce the risk of soil-borne disease build-up. Open, airy conditions will minimise fungal disease problems.

Strawberry plants are fine to leave in situ for 3-4 years. After that root diseases and virus build-ups tend to weaken the plants. Then it’s time to start new plants from the runners, or purchase new ones.

When preparing the garden bed, dig in plenty of compost or organic matter to help with moisture retention. Strawberries like a more acid soil of between 5.5 and 6.0 pH, so adding peat moss to your soil will help with this. Plant about 15cm apart and make sure you keep the crown, which is the part just below the leaves, just above ground level.

When planting you can lay newspaper around the plants and put mulch on top of that. In spring, when the plants are starting to bear their fruit, put straw down around the plants. This helps as a weed suppressant and mulch. The fruit will sit on top of the straw and stay clean and is less likely to rot from contact with the soil.

Apply a liquid seaweed fertiliser or a liquid fertiliser you’ve made up yourself every couple of weeks. See here for how to make liquid fertiliser. This supplies trace elements to the plants, as well as prevents most fungal diseases. Liquid feeding is beneficial especially for container-grown plants.

Birds are the main pest, but slugs may also be a problem. Remove dead foliage from the plants to help minimise disease and housing of pests, and cover the plants with netting just before fruiting begins.

In late summer strawberry plants will send off runners and these can be turned into new strawberry plants. Make sure your parent plant is healthy. The most vigorous runner tends to be the first one off the main clump, but you can try planting several runners.

Cut off any dead or damaged leaves and plant them in a seed tray containing an inert mix such as pumice, river sand or gravel. No fertiliser is required at this point. When you put in the cutting, once again don’t bury the crown otherwise it will rot. New roots are formed as the plant sends out roots to search for nutrients. Water well and keep the seed tray in a damp, shady spot. After about 5-6 weeks you should find good roots on the cuttings and the plants can then be set out in the garden, all ready for a spring harvest.

Strawberry PieSTRAWBERRY PIE

PASTRY
170 grams plain flour (spelt flour is a great option as it’s
almost gluten-free)
2 tablespoons caster sugar
85 grams unsalted butter (straight from the fridge and diced)
2 egg yolks
FILLING
3 x 250 gram punnets strawberries
¾ cup caster sugar
3 level tablespoons cornflour
Juice of 1 lemon
¾ cup water

PASTRY
If you have a food processor, put the flour, sugar and butter in and process. Then add the egg yolks and process until the dough forms a ball. If not, grate the butter into the flour and sugar and mix through with your hands, then add egg yolks to bind.
Lightly grease a 20cm pie dish. Roll out the pastry, and line the dish. Refrigerate for 30 minutes to allow the flour to stretch. Bake blind for 20 minutes at 190 degrees. You might need to give the pastry another couple of minutes in the oven without the cooking paper at the end.
FILLING
Place 1 punnet of strawberries in a blender or food processor together with the sugar and lemon juice and blend.
Put this mixture in a pot together with the blended water and cornflour and stir fairly constantly until it comes to the boil. Boil for a couple of minutes to cook the cornflour through.
While this is coming to the boil, chop the remaining strawberries onto the pastry. When the sauce is finished, pour it while still hot over the strawberries. The pie is best refrigerated for a few hours to allow the filling to set.

STRAWBERRY JAM

Equal quantities of berries
and sugar
Lemon juice

I used 3 x 250gram punnets
of strawberries and
700 grams of sugar and made
3 jars of jam.

Place chopped strawberries
in a pot and bring to the boil.
Take care they don’t catch on
the bottom of the pot.
Add sugar and stir until
dissolved.
Bring to the boil, then boil for 15-20 minutes.
Stir regularly to ensure the jam doesn’t burn on the bottom
of the pot.
At the end of cooking, add lemon juice (2 tablespoons to 700 grams of fruit and sugar).

Heat oven to 100 degrees and place clean jars in oven for 15 minutes.
Pour jam carefully into the heated, sterilised jars. I use a ladle.
Fix lids on firmly. When the lids pop down you know the jars are sealed.